Risk Tradeoffs:
Crying over raw milk

06th November 2018

Risk Communication:
Lying over raw milk

Spring 2019

Risk Regulation:
Dying over raw milk

Autumn 2019


The Raw Milk Series is an open forum for discussion and debate about the greatest challenges facing society today, and how this should guide and influence our scientific work. These events will consist of invited speakers with particular expertise, and international recognition in the field under discussion, followed by a lively open debate. These meetings are open to anyone, academic or industrialist, member of the public or royalty!

The idea behind the series began when considering the benefits and risks of consuming raw milk. Controversy has been brewing around the world for several decades about the risks and benefits of raw milk, i.e., fresh unprocessed milk that has not undergone pasteurisation. Scientific evidence documents both benefits and risks associated with drinking raw milk, but public health authorities often focus exclusively on perceived risks rather than the full body of evidence regarding risks and benefits. This forms the basis for discussion during the first event on the topic ‘Risk Tradeoffs : Crying over Raw Milk’ .

There are two further such events currently planned for this series. ‘Risk Communication: Lying over Raw Milk’, where issues of fake-news, the ethical use of absolute and relative conditional probabilities, dark methods in advertising, and the "authority" problem of undue belief in numbers promulgated by government or advertisers will all be open for discussion.

The final event planned in this current cycle will be titled ‘Risk Regulation: Dying over Raw Milk’, where the current thinking on making life-and-death decisions for public good and human health will be interrogated. What is the role of regulation, and who is responsible when it fails? Are catastrophes ‘black-swans’ unavoidable? In a modern world of algorithmic decision making is the current regulatory framework even still applicable.


This event is hosted by the Institute for Risk and Uncertainty of the University of Liverpool (UoL). The UoL was established in 1881 and it is constituted by three main faculties, Science and Engineering, Health and Life Sciences, and Humanities and Social Sciences. The university has a confirmed reputation for outstanding research in areas like computer science, general engineering, chemistry, architecture, clinical medicine, among others. The Institute for Risk and Uncertainty is the only centre in the UK connecting a broad variety of disciplines from science and engineering to health as well as life sciences and humanities.

Chadwick Building
University of Liverpool
L7, 7BD
Click here for directions

Liverpool is a lively city with an important heritage in sports, architecture and music. It is located in North West England and has more than 470,000 inhabitants. Liverpool is one of the most decorated footballing cities England, home to Liverpool F.C. and Everton F.C. who together have won 27 titles in the Premier League. This city has been an important centre for industry and later innovation, positioning it as one of the most rapidly growing economies in the UK.

Liverpool has an accumulation of 250 open landmarks with one of the biggest varieties of architectural styles, combining modern architecture and 16th century Tudor buildings. For this reason, the city has become the second most filmed city in the UK outside London. The city, also known as the “World Capital City of Pop,” has an important musical trajectory, being the birthplace of many famous musicians and bands like Billy Fury, Frankie Vaughan and of course The Beatles. One can visit the Cavern Club to listen to live bands playing covers of the ‘fab four’, or The Beatles museum to learn more historical facts. Furthermore, among the galleries in the city there is the Tate Liverpool, hosting major international exhibitions of modern art, and the Museum of Liverpool, which is a must-visit museum, since it is the UK’s first gallery dedicated to the historical backdrop of a city.